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Our approach to PHONICS & SPELLING

At Parson Street, phonics is introduced through Letters and Sounds when children join nursery and progression is planned to meet the stage of learning. The progression is planned for by the following markers however we look at the child’s stage of phonic knowledge and understanding, not just their age.


Nursery - Phase 1

Phase 1 explores oral segmenting and oral blending of familiar words and many activities that are well matched to children’s development and interests.


Reception – 2, Phase 3 and 4

Phase 2 exposes children to a wealth of listening activities, including songs, stories and rhymes. They will learn to distinguish between speech sounds and many will be able to blend and segment words orally. By the end of Phase 2, many children should be able to read some VC and CVC words. In Phase 3, they will learn 42 phonemes by a grapheme and will apply their knowledge of blending and segmenting to reading and spelling simple two-syllable words. In Phase 4, children will practising blending for reading and segmenting for spelling.


Year 1 – Phase 4 and 5

Children will broaden their knowledge of graphemes and phonemes for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new graphemes and alternative pronunciations for these and graphemes they already know.


Year 2 – Phase 5 and 6

During this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers. They will learn how to apply prefixes and suffixes as well as developing a good understanding of long and short vowels to help them with spelling rules. 


Phonics teaching is complemented by reading. We use a range of resources to enhance this and our books are banded into colours. Wherever possible, these are fully decodable to develop fluency and understanding. The book bands and matching phonic phases are detailed below. Children are expected to move through the colours to become fluent and confident readers by the time they leave KS1. 


The Letters and Sounds programme is utilised in the Phase 1 (Nursery & Reception) to develop phonics awareness and is continued throughout Phase 2 (Y1 - Y3) to ensure a consistency of approach in phonics teaching and learning.  In addition, ‘Jolly Phonics’ is used to complement the Letters and Sounds programme.


Information about Letters and Sounds is available on their website:




Phonic Phase

End of year expectation


1 & 2




3 & 5




6 & 8


End of Reception


9 & 11




12 & 14




15 & 16




17 & 18


End of Year 1


19 & 20




21 & 22




23 & 24


End of Year 2


25 & 26





27 & 28



28 & 30


Free Reader



In school, your child will have daily phonics input from their class teacher, which is planned using the LCP exemplar phonics. Their guided reading books will be matched to their phonic phase using Hero Academy books. Your child will be sent home with a book that matches their book band and many of these are fully decodable which means all the words can be sounded out and blended together. We will also use a range of resources such Jolly Phonics, Phonics Play, Spelling Shed and Hero Academy books to support in both phonics and reading.


Children will be sent home with termly spellings lists and can also access these weekly lists via Spelling Shed where they will have the chance to practise their spellings by playing games and identifying patterns.


Year 1 children will complete the Phonics Screening check in June. If they did not pass in Year 1, the children will retake it in June of Year 2. There will be some children who require extra phonic intervention and this will happen throughout KS2 if required.

Y1 Phonics Meeting FEB 18